Violence beyond the State, also referred to as privatized violence, is dominant today. However, unlike is implied in the relevant literature today, it concerns not only (and possibly not in particular) violence “outsourced” by the State that should redress the social and political order: “violence beyond the State” does not necessarily concern the state, and not only when it is not violence against the state. Yet the boundaries of such a force always appear diffuse: to what extent is it political or already criminal? Or alternatively: to what extent is it criminal or already political? These “diffuse” forms of violence—with a focus on the well known and particularly violence intensive global South—are at the center of this edition of Behemoth. An exemplary challenge con-fronts the present issue of Behemoth at the same time as it offers insights that are to a large extent absent from the relevant literature. As such, it will analyze not only forms of violence, but also offer theoretical approaches to explain these phenomena. It presents unusual approaches, for it is not mainstream political scientists or crimi-nologists who jump into the breach, but experts who approach the phenomenon “from the other side”, from other theoretical fields including international law, political economy and ethnology.
Rente und subnationale Gewalt. Der Beitrag der politischen Ökonomie (Abstract) (Article, PDF)
Gewalt diesseits, jenseits und am Rande des Staates. Ethnologische Positionen (Abstract) (Article, PDF)
Violence beyond the State. The International Law Approach (Abstract) (Article, PDF)
Private Political Violence and Boss-Rule in the Philippines (Abstract) (Article, PDF)
Stacey L. Hunt
Rethinking State, Civil Society and Citizen Participation.
The Case of the Columbian Paramilitaries. (Abstract) (Article, PDF)